The rich history of towns has left some admirable traces in their appearance and architecture. Many of them are classified as Town Monument Reserves and form a significant part of the national cultural heritage.

Now there are 138 towns in Slovakia; eighteen are designated Town Monument Reserve. They concentrate in the region of Spiš (5) followed by the group of central Slovakia mining towns (4). Slovakia boasts more than 12,000 immovable cultural monuments and more than 2,800 won the statute of Town Monument Reserve.