The town of DOBŠINÁ is located in the north-western part of the Rožňava District. It belongs to the cultural and historical region of Gemer and is a starting point for trips to interesting tourist areas and precious cultural and historical sights located in its close surroundings.
The traditional Whitsun feast of Dobšiná connected with an annual market is held in the town every year. The Whitsun as a holiday of miners was kept in Dobšiná and passed from generation to generation by the Miners’ Association.
Dobšiná is a town of rich, interesting history and a beautiful natural scenery. It entered the history in the 13th century as a Slovak village founded upon the initiative of the House of Bebek. In 1417, the village was granted the right of holding markets by King Sigismund that enabled it to develop into a mining town. In different historical periods, iron, copper, cobalt, nickel, mercury, asbestos, and even silver were mined locally. Archive documents call Dobšiná the first steelworks town of the Hungarian Empire. The peak prosperity in ore-mining and iron-making was reached in the 17th and 18th centuries. The first blast furnace in Slovakia was built in Dobšiná already in 1680. Moreover, the town reached the first place in cobalt-mining in the world. There was a well-known Latin grammar school (lyceum) where significant personalities of our literary life studied, such as Pavol Jozef Šafárik, Juraj Palkovič, Karol Kuzmány and others. Currently, the local economy is oriented on wood extraction and processing.
As far as historical and architectonic sights are concerned, an old Gothic Evangelical church dating back to 1480, a Baroque and Classicist Roman Catholic church dating back to 1792, and the town hall dating back to 1870 built in the neo-Renaissance style were preserved in Dobšiná, as well as the scattered buildings with the remnants of old iron foundries, a water mill, and a saw mill at the outskirts of the town.
TIP FOR A TRIP
Dobšiná is a gate to the National park of Slovenský raj (Slovak Paradise). Ideal for holidays is the beautiful surrounding countryside, the protected landscape areas, and other places of interest, such as the aragonite cave of Ochtinská aragonitová jaskyňa, or the world-known ice cave of Dobšinská ľadová jaskyňa discovered by young engineer Eugen Ruffiny in 1870.
Source: TIC Rožňava